Another Moscow site.
A route for roller-skates.
For a good walk on roller skates you can start from Kutuzovskaya metro station and go along beautiful waterfronts of Moskva River. After leaving underground you should get to Kutuzovsky Avenue and skate against traffic along the pavement. Then turn to the left using one of the next 3 streets, the earlier you turn the better, because everyone can agree that going along an avenue full of roaring cars is not the best pastime. At last you are near the river. You should turn right to the waterfront of Taras Shevchenko. After that you can enjoy quite a long and straight ride along the Moskva River. The only difficult stage here is to come down to the riverbank because there is a steep hill downwards.
On the other side of the river you’ll see Presnenskaya and Krasnopresnenskaya waterfronts. The construction of Moscow IBC is taking place on the Presnenskaya embankment of the Moscow River. "Moskva City” complex is planned to join business activity, living space and entertainment.
And when you start to turn following the river bend you’ll see hotel Ukraine which is located in one of the Stalin’s skyscrapers. Hotel "Ukraine" is one of seven buildings, known as the "Stalin skyscrapers". With their outstanding arquitecture they largely determine the shape of the capital. They are a soviet memorial page in the history of our state and a famous landmark of Moscow. It was in the 1930s when Stalin expressed an idea to erect a soviet skyscrapers, unfolding panorama of Moscow along the embankments of the river, where high-rise structures accentuate the picturesque natural topography of the city and its historic radial-circular plan. Building began only after the victory in the World War II. Moscow skyscrapers were completed after the death of Stalin, and yet they are full are his brainchild and creation. The hotel "Ukraine" was designed by a group of eminent architects: great architect A.G. Mordvinova, design engineer, P.A. Krasilnikov, co-author on the project of residential buildings, V.G. Kalisz and collaborator on the project V.K.Oltarzhevsky, who has studied the technique of the skyscrapers construction in New York and specialized in designing and building hotels.
On the other bank of the river is the building
of British Embassy which is between Smolenskaya waterfront and Protochny
The British Embassy building.
Then following after the river you’ll pass to Berezhkovskaya waterfront.
After that you’ll be passing Kievsky railway terminal near which you can see Europe Square. Europe Square was officially founded in September 2001, during the celebration of "Day of the City." The area was already constructed after a year later, on Sept. 15, 2002.
The construction of Europe Square in Moscow was a joint Russian-Belgian project. As conceived by the Moscow government, the Square of Europe in Moscow should symbolize Russia's aspiration for integration into the European Community. The project manager has been the chief architect of the Russian Academy of Sciences U. Platonov, awarded in 2004 the Order of Merit of IV degree.
The architectural complex includes 48 square columns
with flags of European countries, the restaurant "Europa" and the
sculpture "The Rape of Europe". The sculpture is a gift from creative
Belgian sculptor Olivier Strebel.
The square is framed by two bridges across the Moskva River. Borodinsky Bridge has been standing here since 1913. It was built in honor of the century anniversary of the Russian victory over Napoleon by the architect R. I. Klein and engineer N.I Oskolkov. The second one - Rostovsky Bridge is a new one. Its basis is the central arch span of the former Krasnoluzhsky Bridge, which was moved there a couple of years before. From Rostovsky Bridge you can easily see the White House, the hotel "Ukraine ", high-rise buildings on Krasnopresnenskaya and Smolenskaya Square, a new view of Borodinsky Bridge, Moscow State University and Vorovyovy Gory.
One of the main attractions of the Square of Europe is the building of the Kievsky railway station. It was built in 1912-1917 by architect I.M. Rerberg and the engineer V.G. Shukhov and artist Ivan Nivinsky.
Then following this route you’ll pass two big parks – Vorobyovy Gory and Neskushny Sad.
Vorobyovy Gory (In 1924-91 this plase was called Lenin Hills), is the indigenous high right bank of the Moskva River, opposite the Luzhniki bend, in south-west of the city, one of the "seven hills" of Moscow. It starts from the estuary of Setun River and lasts up to Andreevsky Bridge of the District Railway, including a part of the territory of Gorky Park. The height of the hill is up to 220 m above the river's edge.
Green slopes of the Vorobyovy Gory and embankments of Moskva River (constructed in 1958-61) are a summer resort of Muscovites. In the beautiful park there are 3 decorative ponds and an array of natural broadleaf forest.
In the XVI century in Vorobievj village there was a manor with a stone church, in 1680 there was a country wooden palace of the tsar of Moscow. In the XVII century St. Andrew's monastery was founded at the foot of the eastern part of hill. After the war of 1812 there was a plan of improvement of Vorobyovy Gory. There were constructed several glass and brick factories. In 1817, in the place of the royal palace was built the first temple of Christ the Saviour as the monument to victory in the war of 1812 (architect A.L. Vitberg). In 1827 a young A.I. Herzen and N.P. Ogarev vowed there to dedicate their life to the struggle against autocracy (in 1978 a memorial was built in this place). In 1949-53 there was constructed a new complex of MSU with a central high-rise building, and an observation deck overlooking the magnificent panorama of the city was set up. In 1953 a ski jump was opened there. Also there are the building of the Bureau and several institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
The second park you’ll pass is Neskushny Sad. The name can be translated as ‘not a boring garden’. It is a picturesque grove of big trees, hills, ravines, ancient fish ponds, dams, etc.
In the middle of the XVIII century Neskuchny garden contained three large suburban home of Prince Nikolai Trubetskoy, Prince Golitsyn, and the millionaire P.A. Demidov. These "dacha’s” were bought by the treasury. After the coronation in 1826, Nicholas I bought "Neskushnoe” for his wife from Duke Shakhovsky, in 1832 was bought the estate of Countess Orlova-Chesmenskaya, and in 1842 - the estate of Prince Golitsyn lying between the other two. Thus, the three estates were merged into one, called Alexandriysky or Neskuchny garden. Demidov Palace was partly rebuilt and named Alexandriysky Palace.
There is not much left from old buildings and landscaping works of the XVIII century: a summer house on a steep hill near the Moscow River, bath house near the place where was a pond, a hunting lodge in the ravine, three garden bridges and a grotto.
From the first half of the XIX century there remained the main entrance gate, which now leads from the street to the building of the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences, decorated with sculptures of Ivan Vitali "Four Seasons", an arena, three service corps and the entrance gates, built by architect E.G. Tyurina, white stone bridge, under which previously was a passage from the palace to the Moscow River.
In 1934 there was placed a fountain of Ivan Vitali, which was moved from the Dzerzhinsky Square.
Currently Neskuchniy garden belongs to the Gorky Park. In the summer time on Pushkinskaya waterfront you can take a part in free dance lessons: latin, tango, capoeira. Everyone can learn to dance. Park is an ideal place for meetings, because there is a "lovers lane" and watch with hearts, which hand is stopped at 17:55. Assign a meeting near them, and be sure that he or she would never be late to a rendezvous with a loved one =).